By George Beccaloni
Wallace received an impressive number of prestigious honours during his lifetime, the greatest being the Order of Merit from King Edward VII in 1908. His greatest scientific honours were the 7 medals he was presented with, the most important of which was the Copley Medal of the Royal Society (their highest award). Charles Darwin also received the Copley, plus three others: the Baly (Royal College of Physicians), Royal (Royal Society), and Wollaston (Geological Society).
Wallace's Royal Medal. Copyright Wallace Memorial Fund.
1870: Gold Medal, Société de Géographie.
Gold Medal of the Société de Géographie. Copyright Wallace Memorial Fund.
1890 (1 December): Darwin Medal of the Royal Society. (Awarded "For his independent origination of the theory of the origin of species by natural selection". Wallace was the first recipient of this medal).
Wallace's Royal Society Darwin Medal. Copyright Wallace Memorial fund.
1892 (23 May): Founder's Medal of the Royal Geographical Society. (Awarded "...in recognition of the high geographical value of his great works, 'The Geographical Distribution of Animals,' 'Island Life,' and 'The Malay Archipelago.'")
Wallace's Founder's Medal. Copyright Wallace Memorial Fund.
1892 (24 May): Gold Medal of the Linnean Society (now known as the Linnean Medal).
Wallace's Gold Medal of the Linnean Society. Copyright Wallace Memorial Fund.
1908 (1 July): Gold Darwin-Wallace Medal of the Linnean Society of London. (Wallace was the first recipient of this medal, and his was the only gold version ever made).
Wallace's Darwin-Wallace medal. Copyright Wallace Memorial Fund.
1908 (30 November): Copley Medal of the Royal Society. (Awarded "On the ground of the great value of his numerous contributions to natural history, and of the part he took in working out the theory of the origin of species by natural selection." This is the highest award of the Royal Society.)
Wallace's Copley Medal. Copyright Wallace Memorial Fund.
1908 (14 December): Order of Merit. (The order has been described as "quite possibly, the most prestigious honour one can receive on planet Earth." There may be only 24 living individuals in the order at any given time, not including honorary appointees, and new members are personally selected by the reigning monarch.) For more information click HERE
Wallace's Order of Merit. Copyright Wallace Memorial Fund.
1879 (28 July): Freedom of the City of London.
1882 (26 April): Pall Bearer at Darwin's funeral at Westminster Abbey.
1882 (29 June): LL.D. (Doctor of Laws) from Trinity College, University of Dublin. On the recommendation of Rev. Samuel Haughton, senior lecturer in geology. See HERE
ARW in his LL.D. robes
1889 (26 November): D.C.L. (Doctor of Civil Law) from Oxford University.
Honorary (Elected) Memberships
American Ornithologists' Union: Elected an Honorary Member in 1883 and an Honorary Fellow in 1905. See HERE
Anthropological Society of Washington: Elected an Honorary Member on 15 February 1887. See HERE
Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta: Elected an Honorary Member on 7 February 1883. See HERE
Austrian Zoological-Botanical Society, Vienna: Elected a Honorary Member on 1 March 1901. See HERE
Brooklyn Ethical Association: Elected an Honorary Corresponding Member in c. 1894-1895. See HERE
Central Association of Spiritualists, London: Elected an Honorary Member on 13th June 1882.
Chester Society of Natural Science, Literature & Art, Chester, England: Elected as an Honorary Member in ? See HERE
Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club: Elected an Honorary Member in 1909. See HERE
Dutch Society of Sciences, Haarlem: Elected as a Foreign Member in 1883. See HERE
Essex Field Club, UK: Elected as an Honorary Member 10 January 1880. See HERE
Hertfordshire Natural History Society and Field Club: Elected an Honorary Member in 1896. See HERE
New Zealand Institute (now Royal Society of New Zealand): Elected an Honorary Member of 3 February 1885. See HERE
Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences, Jakarta, Indonesia: Elected a Corresponding Member on 1 June 1878. See HERE
Royal Irish Academy, Dublin: Elected an Honorary Member on 16 March 1908. See HERE
Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scotland (Societas Regia Edinensis): Elected an Honorary Member on 7 November 1910. See HERE
Royal Society, London: Elected a Fellow in June 1893. See HERE. He had at first refused fellowship, but Thistleton-Dyer and Huxley eventually persuaded him to accept.
Royal Society of New South Wales, Sydney: Elected an Honorary Member on 3 July 1895. see HERE
Royal Society of Sciences, Upsala: Elected a Member in 1893. See HERE
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (Regia Scientiarum Academia Suecica): Elected an Honorary Member 1 February 1907. See HERE
Société de Géographie, France: Elected a Corresponding Member on 22 April 1887. See HERE
Società Geografica Italiana, Italy: Elected an Honorary Member in c. 1890. See HERE
Société Scientifique "Antonio Alzate", Mexico: Elected an Honorary Member on 1 March 1896. See HERE
Society for Psychical Research: Elected an Honorary Member in c. 1903. See HERE
Wallace was also an 'ordinary' member of a number of other societies and other organisations i.e. the British Association for the Advancement of Science (elected in 1863); the Entomological Society of London (elected 1 June 1863); the Ethnological Society of London (elected in 1866); the Land Nationalisation Society; Royal Geographical Society (elected as a Fellow on 27 February 1854).