Plants and animals named after Wallace

By George Beccaloni

A large number of species have been (and are still being) named after Wallace (usually as wallacii or wallacei), often based on specimens he collected in Brazil and Southeast Asia. The Index to Organism Names (ION) lists over 700 species names which start with "wallac", but in order to be sure that a species was named after him and not another person with the same surname, it is necessary to read the published species description (which is often difficult to obtain). Please note that the list below is incomplete. Also note that an "*" before a name means that the species was NOT described from specimens Wallace collected. For more information about the specimens collected by Wallace in the Malay Archipelago see the following paper by Baker in 2001: CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD THE PDF

Fossil plants

Araucarioxylon wallacei: Fossil wood of this approximately 146 million year old tree was collected by Wallace and Lester F. Ward on a trip to the Isle of Portland, Dorset in 1894. The species was named by Knowlton.

Living plants

Alsophila wallacei (= Cyathea wallacei): This fern was collected by Wallace in Borneo and named after him by Mettenius in 1869.

Acrocomia sclerocarpa var. wallaceana (= Acrocomia aculeata): Studied by Wallace in Brazil and named by Drude in 1881. It was elevated to species and afterwards synonymised.

*A genus of palms was named Wallaceodoxa by Heatubun & Baker to mark the centenary of Wallace's death in 2013.

Fossil animals

*Cambroinyoella wallacei: This Cambrian trilobite was named by Lieberman in 2001.

*Aquatilavipes wallacei: A fossil Oligocene shorebird from Sumatra, only known from footprints, which was named after Wallace by Zonneveld et al. in 2011.

Molluscs

Achatina wallacei (= Glessula wallacei) (a land snail): Collected by Wallace in Sarawak, Borneo and named after him by Pfeiffer in 1855.

Callia wallacei (= Callianella wallacei): Collected by Wallace on Seram Isand and named by Pfeiffer in 1862. 

*Conus wallacei (= Lilliconus wallacei), Wallace's Cone Shell: A marine snail named by Lorenz & Morrison in 2004.

*Cryptospira wallacei: A marine snail from the Makassar Strait in Indonesia named by Wakefield in 2010.

Helix wallacei (= Nanina wallacei) (a land snail): Collected by Wallace in Makassar, Sulawesi and named by Pfeiffer in 1858.

Leptopoma wallacei (= ?): Collected by Wallace on the Aru Islands and named by Pfeiffer in 1857.

*Plectostoma wallacei (= Opisthostoma wallacei): A tiny land snail from Borneo named by Ancey in 1887.

Pythia wallacei (= ?): Collected by Wallace on Bacan Island and named by Pfeiffer in 1861.

*Torresitrachia wallacei (a land snail): An Australian species named after Wallace by Willan, Köhler, Kessner & Braby in 2009.

Truncatella (Taheitia) wallacei (= ): Collected by ? on Waigeo Island and named by Adams in 1865.

Crustaceans (Crustacea)

*Psammogammarus wallacei: This marine amphipod was collected in the Gura Ici Islands near Halmahera in 2009 and named by Vonk et al. in 2011.

Spiders (Araneae)

Friula wallacii (= Friula wallacei): Collected by Wallace in Sarawak, Borneo and named by the Reverend O. Pickard-Cambridge in 1896.

Thrips (Thysanoptera)

Mecynothrips wallacei: Collected by Wallace in Manokwari, West Papua and named after him by Bagnall in 1908.

Lice (Phthiraptera)

*Brueelia wallacei: Named after Wallace by Mey & Barker, 2014. this species parasitises fairy-bluebirds (Irenidae) in the Oriental region.

*Polyplax wallacei: A species from Sulawesi named by Durden in 1987.

Mayflies (Ephemeroptera)

*Platybaetis wallacei: This species from Sulawesi was named after Wallace by Tong & Dudgeon in 1999.

Cockroaches (Blattodea)

Apsidopis wallacei (= Stictomorphna geochroma (Walker, 1868)): Collected by Wallace in Sarawak and named by Shelford in 1907. This name is regarded as a synonym.

Glyptopeltis wallacei (= Corydidarum wallacei): Collected by Wallace on Ambon Island, Indonesia and named after him by Hanitsch (from a specimen from Borneo) in 1933.

Stick-insects (Phasmida)

Neopromachus wallacei, Wallace's Stick-Insect: Collected by Wallace in Aru and named after him by Westwood in 1859.

Bugs (Hemiptera)

Enithares wallacei: Collected by Wallace in Sulawesi and named after him by Brooks in 1948.

*Platylomia wallacei: A cicada from South-East Asia which was named after him by Beuk in 2012.

Butterflies & Moths (Lepidoptera)

*Archips wallacei: A moth collected during the Project Wallace expedition to Sulawesi, Indonesia in 1985. It was named by Tuck after Wallace in 1990.

Callidryas wallacei (= Aphrissa wallacei), Wallace's Sulphur: Probably (?) collected by Wallace in the Amazon. Named by C. & R. Felder in 1862.

*Heliconius wallacei, Wallace's Longwing: Probably collected by Bates in the Amazon and probably (not explicitly) named after Wallace by Reakirt in 1866.

Lycaena wallacei (= Danis wallacei): Collected by Wallace on Waigeo Island and named by Cajetan & Rudolf Felder in 1865.

Papilio wallacei (= Graphium wallacei): Collected by Wallace in the Aru Islands and named by Hewitson in 1858.

Sospita wallacei (= Praetaxila wallacei): Collected by Wallace on Misoöl Island, Indonesia and named by Hewitson, 1862.

*Theope wallaceiWallace's Theope: A species from Central and South America named after Wallace by Hall in 1998.

Beetles (Coleoptera)

Agelasta wallacei (= Choeromorpha wallacei): Collected by Wallace in Sarawak and named by White in 1856.

Aphthona wallacei (= Aphthona strigosa): Collected by Wallace on Flores Island and named by Baly in 1877. This species is now regarded as being a synonym.

Arrhenotus wallacei (= Tmesisternus (Arrhenotus) wallacei): Collected by Wallace in Makassar, Sulawesi and named by Pascoe in 1858.

Aulacophora wallacei: Collected by Wallace on Timor Island and named by Baly in 1886.

Aulexis wallacei: Collected by Wallace in Sarawak, Singapore and Sulawesi and named by Baly in 1865.

Batocera wallaceiWallace's Longhorn Beetle: Collected by Wallace on the Aru Islands, Indonesia and named by James Thomson in 1858 (1857?).

Calodema wallaceiWallace's Jewel Beetle: Collected by Wallace in New Guinea named by Deyrolle in 1864.

Calonecrus wallacei: Probably collected by Wallace (in Sarawak) and named by Thompson in 1857.

Catascopus wallacei: Collected by Wallace on Misoöl Island, Waigeo Island and Manokwari, Indonesia and named after him by Saunders in 1863.

Chlamys wallacei (= ?): Collected by Wallace on Ambon Island and named by Baly in 1865.

Chlaenius wallacei: Collected by Wallace on Sulawesi and named by Chaudoir in 1876.

Chrysochroa wallacei, Resplendent Jewel Beetle: Collected by Wallace in Malaysia and named by Deyrolle in 1864.

Cicindela wallacei (= Enantiola wallacei) (Wallace's tiger beetle): Collected in Sulawesi by Wallace and named after him by Henry Walter Bates in 1874.

*Clytus wallacei (= Mecometopus wallacei): Collected by Bates in Brazil and named after Wallace by White in 1856.

Cryptocephalus wallacei: Collected by Wallace on Timor Island and named by Baly in 1865.

Cyriopalus wallacei, Wallace's Cyriopalus Beetle: Collected by Wallace in Sarawak, Borneo and named after Wallace by Pascoe in 1866.

Demotina wallacei (= ?): Collected by Wallace in Sulawesi and named by Baly in 1865.

Diatelium wallacei, Long-necked Shining Fungus Beetle: Collected by Wallace in Sumatra and Sarawak, Borneo and named after him by Pascoe in 1863.

Distaphyla wallacei: Collected by Wallace on Misoöl Island, Indonesia and named by Pascoe in 1863.

Ectocemus wallacei (= Ectocemus decemmaculatus (Montrouzier, 1855)): Collected by Wallace on Bacan Island and named by Pascoe in 1862. Now regarded as a synonym.

Ectatorhinus wallacei: Collected by Wallace in Sarawak, Borneo and named after him by Lacordaire in 1866.

Enantiola wallacei: Bates, 1874

Entelopes wallacei (= Entelopes (Wallaceentelopes) wallacei): Collected by Wallace in Sarawak and named by Pascoe in 1856.

Glenea wallacei: Gahan, 1907

Hyberis wallacei: Collected by Wallace in Sarawak, Borneo and named after him by Pascoe in 1863.

Ithystenus wallacei: Probably collected by Wallace (on Misoöl Island, Indonesia) and named after him by Pascoe in 1861.

Lomaptera wallacei (= Ischiopsopha wallacei): Collected by Wallace in the Aru Islands and described by James Thomson in 1858 (1857?).

Nodostoma wallacei: Collected by Wallace in Sarawak and named by Baly in 1865.

*Omoglymmius wallacei: A beetle from Sulawesi named after Wallace by Bell & Bell in 1988.

Paropsis wallacei: Collected by Wallace in Manokwari, West Papua and named by Baly in 1865.

Phyllocharis wallacei: Probably collected by Wallace (on Bacan Island) and named by Baly in 1861.

Platyomopsis wallacei: Pascoe, 1864

Prosopocoilus wallaceiWallace's Stag Beetle: Collected by Wallace in ? and named by Parry in 1862.

Rhaphipodus wallacii (a Prioninae beetle): Collected by Wallace in Sarawak and named by Pascoe in 1869.

Rhinosimus wallacei (= Platysalpingus wallacei): Collected by Wallace in Manokwari, West Papua and named by Pascoe in 1861.

Rhyparida wallaceiWallace's Leaf Beetle): Collected by Wallace in Sarawak and named by Baly in 1865.

Sphaeromorphus wallacei (= Cyphopisthes wallacei): Probably collected by Wallace (in Sarawak) and named by him by Pascoe in 1860.

Symphyletes wallacei: Collected by Wallace in the Matabello Islands, Indonesia and named by Pascoe in 1864.

Tricondyla wallacei: J.Thomson, 1857

*There is also a genus of tiger beetles (Cicindelinae) named after him by Cassola in 1991 - Wallacedea

Flies (Diptera)

Elaphomyia wallacei (= Phytalmia megalotis Gerstaecker, 1860): Collected by Wallace in Manokwari, West Papua and named by Saunders in 1861.

Ants, Bees & Wasps (Hymenoptera)

*Augochlora wallacei (= Augochloropsis wallacei): A bee from Brazil named after Wallace by Cockerell in 1900.

*Doddifoenus wallacei: A giant parasitic chalcid wasp from Laos and Thailand, which was named after Wallace by Krogmann & Burks in 2009.

There is a genus of parasitic wasps named after him by Polaszek and Fusu in 2013 - Wallaceaphytis Click HERE for more information.

Fish

*Crenicichla wallaciiWallace's Cichlid: First found by Wallace in the Rio Negro and drawn by him. Named by Regan in 1905. 

*Hydrolycus wallacei: Named by Toledo-Piza, Menezes & Santos in 1999, it is found in the Rio Negro and upper portions of the Rio Orinoco basin.

*Tetranematichthys wallacei: Named by Vari & Ferraris in 2006 (see http://si-pddr.si.edu/jspui/bitstream/10088/903/1/VariFerrarisTetranem.pdf). This species occurs in the Amazon and Orinoco basins. Wallace illustrated a specimen from the Rio Negro or Rio Uaupés basins in his unpublished pencil drawings of fish, now in the Natural History Museum, London.

Frogs

*Epipedobates darwinwallaceiDarwin Wallace Poison-Frog: This species from Ecuador was named in honor of both Darwin and Wallace by Cisneros-Heredia & Yánez-Muñoz in 2010.

Birds

Aegotheles wallacii, Wallace's Owlet-nightjar: Collected by Wallace in Manokwari, West Papua and named by Gray in 1859 (PZS 1859: 154).

Alcyone azurea wallaceana (= Alcyone azurea lessonii), Azure Kingfisher: Named after Wallace? by Mathews in 1918 (Birds Austr. 7: 94). The name is regarded as a synonym.

Astur wallacii (= Accipiter fasciatus wallacii), Australasian Goshawk: Named by Sharpe in 1874 (Cat. Birds Brit. Mus. 1: 95).

Buchanga wallacii (= Dicrurus leucophaeus leucophaeus), Ashy Drongo: Named by Walden in 1870 (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4)5: 220).  The name is regarded as a synonym.

Ceyx wallacii (= Ceyx lepidus wallacii), Variable Dwarf Kingfisher: Collected by Wallace in the Sula Islands and named by Sharpe in 1868 (PZS 1868: 70).

Chalcophaps wallacei (= Chalcophaps stephani wallacei), Stephan’s Dove: Named by Brüggemann in 1877 (Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen 5: 464).

Columba plumbea wallacei (= Columba plumbea pallescens), Plumbeous Pigeon: Named by Chubb in 1917 (Bull. Brit. Orn. Club 38: 22). The name is regarded as a synonym.

Dendrochelidon wallacii (= Hemiprocne longipennis wallacii), Grey-rumped Treeswift: Collected by Wallace in Sulawesi and named by Gould in 1859 (PZS 1859: 100).

Dendrocincla fuliginosa wallacei (= Dendrocincla fuliginosa fuliginosa), Plain-brown Woodcreeper: Named by Chubb in 1919 (Bull. Brit. Orn. Club 39: 52). The name is regarded as a synonym.

Dissemurus paradiseus wallacei (= Dicrurus paradiseus formosus), Greater Racket-tailed Drongo: Named by Hachisuka in 1926 (Bull. Brit. Orn. Club 47: 58). The name is regarded as a synonym.

Habroptila wallacii, Invisible or Drummer Rail: Collected by Wallace in east Halmahera Island, Indonesia and named by Gray in 1860 (PZS 1860: 365).

Heteropelma wallacii (= Schiffornis turdina wallacii), Thrush-like Schiffornis: Collected by Wallace in Belém, Brazil and named by Sclater and Salvin in 1867 (PZS 1867: 579).

Lorius wallacei (= Eos squamata squamata), Violet-necked Lory: Collected by Wallace in Waigeo and named by Finsch in 1864 (J. f. Orn. 12: 411). The name is regarded as a synonym.

Megapodius wallacei (= Eulipoa wallacei), Moluccan Megapode: Collected by Wallace in east Halmahera and named by Gray in 1860 (PZS 1860: 362).

Mulleripicus wallacei (= Mulleripicus fulvus wallacei), Ashy Woodpecker. Collected by Wallace in southern Sulawesi and named by Tweeddale in 1877 (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4)20: 533).

Munia wallacii (= Lonchura quinticolor), Five-coloured Munia: Named by Sharpe in 1890 (Cat. Birds. Brit. Mus. 13: 339). The name is regarded as a synonym.

Osmotreron wallacei (= Treron griseicauda wallacei), Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon: Named by Salvadori in 1893 (Cat. Birds Brit. Mus. 21: 42).

Picumnus wallacii (= Picumnus aurifrons wallacii), Wallace's or Bar-breasted Piculet: Collected by Wallace in the "Upper Amazons" and named by Hargitt in 1889 (Ibis (6)1: 230).

Pipromorpha oleaginea wallacei (= Mionectes oleagineus wallacei), Ochre-bellied Flycatcher: Named by Chubb in 1919 (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9)4: 301).

Procnias albus wallacei, White Bellbird: Named by Oren & Novaes in 1985 (Bull. Brit. Orn. Club 105: 23).

Ptilinopus wallacii, Wallace's Fruit-Dove: Collected by Wallace in the Aru Islands, Indonesia and named by Gray in 1858 (PZS 1858: 185).

Paradisea (Semioptera) wallacii (= Semioptera wallacii), Wallace's Standardwing Bird of Paradise: Collected by Wallace on Bacan Island, Indonesia, in 1858 and named by Gray in 1859 (PZS 1859: 130).

Todopsis wallacii (= Sipodotus wallacii), Wallace's Fairywren: Collected by Wallace on Misoöl Island, Indonesia and named by Gray in 1862 (PZS 1861(1862): 429).

Zosterops wallacei, Yellow-spectacled White-eye: Named by Finsch in 1901 (Tierreich 15: 23).

Mammals

Myoictis wallacii (= Myoictis wallacei), Wallace's Dasyure: Collected by Wallace in the Aru Islands and named by Gray in 1858.

Pteropus wallacei (= Styloctenium wallacei), Wallace's Stripe-faced Fruit Bat: Collected by Wallace on Sulawesi and named by Gray in 1866.

*Tarsius wallaceiWallace's Tarsier: Named by Merker et al in 2010. It is found on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. See http://www.springerlink.com/content/l6g2818052rn7r20/

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Blanca Huertas (UK) for additions to the butterflies.